水淹-出露对消落带土壤氮形态的影响
Effects of Periodic Flooding and Drying on Soil Nitrogen Speciation in the Water-level-fluctuation Zone
投稿时间:2019-07-17  修订日期:2019-11-25
中文关键词:三峡  消落带    
英文关键词:Three Gorges Reservoir, water-level-fluctuation zone, soil nitrogen, soil enzymes
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0502208);国家自然科学基金项目(51679154) ;重庆市技术创新与应用示范项目(cstc2018jszx-zdyfxmX0021)
作者单位
张志永 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室武汉 430079 
胡红青 华中农业大学资源与环境学院武汉430070 
鲁泽禹 华中农业大学资源与环境学院武汉430070 
朱稳 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室武汉 430079 
张钽 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室武汉 430079 
邹曦 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室武汉 430079 
摘要点击次数: 313
全文下载次数: 38
中文摘要:
      为揭示三峡水库周期性水淹-出露对消落带土壤氮形态及其转化特征的影响,通过原位浮台装置,将盛有土壤的塑料盆悬挂于不同水深处(0、2、5和15 m),设置水淹60 、180 d,出露180 d,再次水淹180 d。结果表明:水淹-出露-再水淹期间,水淹处理的土壤pH高于未水淹土壤,消落带土壤氮形态及含量也发生了显著变化。水淹环境会导致消落带土壤不同形态氮之间发生相互转化,未水淹土壤全氮、酸解全氮和氨基糖态氮含量均值分别为(1188.11±83.46)、(702.79±154.81)、(170.78±70.86)mg·kg-1。与未水淹处理的土壤相比,土壤全氮((1287.25±15.93)mg·kg-1)和酸解全氮((872.04±20.73)mg·kg-1)含量均值增加,而氨基糖态氮含量均值((148.13±18.99)mg·kg-1)下降。水淹深度影响着消落带土壤氮的形态及其含量,随着水淹深度的增加,土壤全氮、酸解全氮含量呈增加趋势,氨基糖态氮、铵态氮和硝态氮含量呈下降趋势。反复周期性的水淹-出露-再水淹会导致消落带土壤碳、氮等营养元素的流失,再次水淹180 d后,消落带土壤全碳、全氮、酸解氨态氮、氨基糖态氮、硝态氮含量低于未水淹土壤。消落带土壤氮的形态相互转化过程受土壤酶活性及水淹环境(光照和水温等)的影响。土壤脲酶与全氮、氨基酸态氮、酸解氨态氮、硝态氮显著正相关,与非酸解氮显著负相关。硝酸还原酶与全氮、酸解全氮显著负相关。亚硝酸还原酶活性与酸解全氮、氨基酸氮和酸解氨态氮显著正相关,羟胺还原酶活性与硝态氮显著正相关。
英文摘要:
      The water-level-fluctuation zone (WLFZ) in Three Gorges Reservoir spans up to 30 m (145-175 m) and WLFZ soils emerge in summer and submerge in winter. Several investigators have studied the seasonal variation of soil total nitrogen and inorganic nitrogen in the WLFZ. However, little is known about seasonal changes in the speciation of nitrogen resulting from the wet-dry cycle. In this study, we explored the transformation of nitrogen from one form to another in WLFZ soils, aiming to reveal the effects of flooding duration and water depth on the concentration and form of organic and inorganic nitrogen. To characterize soil nitrogen transformations, an 18 month in-situ experiment was carried out at four water depths (0 m, 2 m, 5 m and 15 m) in Kaizhou County, Chongqing City. Plastic pots with soil were suspended from a floating platform and the pots at each depth were submerged for 60 days, sampled and resubmerged for another 120 days to give 180 days total. Soil was again sampled and the pots were placed on the platform and exposed to weather for 180 days, and then submerged again for 180 days before the soil was sampled for the last time. The pH, total C, total N, forms of organic and inorganic nitrogen, and enzyme activity of soil samples from each treatment were determined at the end of each period. Water environmental parameters were measured and analyzed to identify that affect the form of nitrogen. The pH of submerged soil was higher than the pH of emerged soil. Inundation led to changes in nitrogen concentration and transformation of nitrogen form in the soil treatments. During the flooding-drying cycle, the average total nitrogen (TN) content, total hydrolysable N and amino sugar N in the unsubmerged soil were 1188.11±83.46 mg·kg-1, 702.79±154.81 mg·kg-1 and 170.78±70.86 mg·kg-1, respectively. In submerged soils TN and hydrolysable N increased to 1287.25±15.93 mg·kg-1 and 872.04±20.73 mg·kg-1, while amino sugar N decreased (148.13±18.99) mg·kg-1. The forms and content of soil nitrogen were affected by submergence depth. With increasing water depth, TN and total hydrolysable N increased, while amino sugar N, ammonium N and nitrate N decreased. Periodic inundation and the wet-dry cycle leads to a loss of carbon and nitrogen in the soil. When again flooded for 180 d, total carbon, TN, ammonium N, amino sugar N, nitrate N in flooded soil treatments were lower than in unflooded soil treatments. The transformation of nitrogen in the soils was influenced by enzyme activity in the soil and the water environment (light, water temperature, etc.). Soil urease was positively correlated with total N, amino acid N, ammonia N and nitrate N, but negatively correlated with acid-insoluble N. Nitrate reductase activity was negatively correlated with TN and total hydrolysable N, and positively correlated with total hydrolysable N, amino acid nitrogen and ammonia N. Hydroxylamine reductase activity was positively correlated with nitrate nitrogen.
张志永,胡红青,鲁泽禹,朱稳,张钽,邹曦.2020.水淹-出露对消落带土壤氮形态的影响[J].水生态学杂志,41(4):63-72.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
Copyright © 2008 《水生态学杂志》编辑部 地址:湖北省武汉市雄楚大街578号 
邮编:430079 电话:027-82926630 E-mail: sstx@mail.ihe.ac.cn  京ICP备09084417号