2023年三峡水库生态调度对四大家鱼生境面积的影响
Effect of Ecological Operation of Three Gorges Reservoir on Spawning Habitat Area of the Four Major Chinese Carps
投稿时间:2023-11-19  修订日期:2024-01-11
DOI:10.15928/j.1674-3075.202311190342
中文关键词:生态调度  四大家鱼  适宜度指数  生境面积  三峡水库
英文关键词:ecological operation  four major Chinese carps  suitability index  habitat area  Three Gorges Reservoir
基金项目:国家重点研发项目(2021YFC3200304);长江科学院开放研究基金(CKWV2019732/KY);湖北省自然科学基金联合基金(2022CFD169);武汉市知识创新专项(2023020201010110)
作者单位
白凤朋 长江水资源保护科学研究所湖北 武汉 430051长江水利委员会湖库水源地面源污染生态调控重点实验室湖北 武汉 430051水利部江湖治理与防洪重点实验室湖北 武汉 430051 
任玉峰 中国长江电力股份有限公司湖北 宜昌 443000 
梅 杰 武汉大学水资源工程与调度全国重点实验室湖北 武汉 430072 
梁志明 中国长江电力股份有限公司湖北 宜昌 443000 
马一鸣 中国长江电力股份有限公司湖北 宜昌 443000 
杨中华 武汉大学水资源工程与调度全国重点实验室湖北 武汉 430072 
摘要点击次数: 605
全文下载次数: 66
中文摘要:
      为量化生态调度对四大家鱼生境面积的影响,2023年在三峡水库首次开展了针对葛洲坝下游四大家鱼自然繁殖的生态调度试验,以葛洲坝至枝江江段为研究区域,选择水位变幅、水深、流速、水温4个主要生境因子,建立了耦合平面二维水动力学模型和产卵栖息地适宜度曲线的四大家鱼产卵生境质量评估模型,实现了产卵综合适宜度指数的时空分布的精细化模拟。结果显示,2023年三峡水库生态调度期间,约60%研究区域四大家鱼产卵综合适宜度指数呈现增加趋势,其产卵加权可利用面积占研究区域总面积比例由30.45%增加至约55%;适宜四大家鱼产卵区域(综合适宜度指数0.6~1.0)明显增加,占研究区域总面积比例由4.67%增加至约60%。研究表明,三峡水库生态调度显著改善了葛洲坝至枝江江段四大家鱼产卵的生境质量。
英文摘要:
      Ecological operation of hydropower facilities is necessary to protect fishery resources and the effect of the ecological operation can be evaluated by monitoring the scale of spawning habitat for target fish species. From May 27 to June 3, 2023, an ecological operation experiment at Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) was carried out, aiming to increase natural reproduction of the four major Chinese carps downstream of Gezhouba Dam, a run-of-the river dam below TGR at Yichang. In this study, a section of the Yangtze River from Gezhouba Dam to Zhijiang was investigated. The impact of ecological regulation on the spawning habitat area of the four major Chinese carps was estimated based on model simulations. The quality assessment model for spawning habitat was established by coupling a two-dimensional hydrodynamic model to the spawning habitat suitability index (HSI) curve. Four major habitat factors (water level amplitude, water depth, flow rate, and water temperature) were selected as model parameters. The spatial and temporal distribution of the comprehensive spawning HSI was simulated and the change in suitable spawning habitat area was analyzed. Results show that during ecological operation in 2023, the comprehensive spawning habitat suitability index increased by 60% in the study section, and the proportion of suitable spawning habitat area (weighted available area) increased from 30.45% to 55%. The areas suitable for spawning for the four major Chinese carps, with a comprehensive spawning habitat suitability index ranging from 0.6 to 1.0, have significantly increased from 4.67% to 60% of the total study area. In conclusion, the ecological regulation of Three Gorges Reservoir in 2023 significantly improved the quality of spawning habitat for the four major Chinese carps from Gezhouba dam to Zhijiang.
白凤朋,任玉峰,梅 杰,梁志明,马一鸣,杨中华.2024.2023年三峡水库生态调度对四大家鱼生境面积的影响[J].水生态学杂志,45(1):112-119.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器   HTML
Copyright © 2008 《水生态学杂志》编辑部 地址:湖北省武汉市雄楚大街578号 
邮编:430079 电话:027-82926630 E-mail: sstx@mail.ihe.ac.cn  京ICP备09084417号