人工塑造生境条件下中华倒刺鲃的栖息偏好研究
Habitat Preference of Spinibarbus sinensis Under Artificial Habitat Conditions
投稿时间:2023-10-27  修订日期:2024-01-17
DOI:10.15928/j.1674-3075.202310270300
中文关键词:中华倒刺鲃  微地形  水文水动力  鱼类行为  流速  涡量
英文关键词:Spinibarbus sinensis  microtopography  hydrodynamics  fish behavior  flow velocity  vorticity
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2021YFC3200304);国家自然科学基金联合基金(U2240214)
作者单位
刘 瀚 中国水利水电科学研究院北京 100038 
林俊强 中国水利水电科学研究院北京 100038 
王先证 四川圣达水电开发有限公司四川 乐山 614000 
班学君 中国水利水电科学研究院北京 100038河海大学农业与科学工程学院江苏 南京 211100 
王东胜 水电水利规划设计总院北京 100120 
张 迪 中国水利水电科学研究院北京 100038 
彭期冬 中国水利水电科学研究院北京 100038 
靳甜甜 中国水利水电科学研究院北京 100038 
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中文摘要:
      为了促进受水电工程影响河段鱼类资源的恢复,选择中华倒刺鲃(Spinibarbus sinensis),依托大型生态试验场,塑造多种近自然微地形生境,研究其栖息行为偏好特性,营造适宜鱼类栖息的水文水动力环境。采用PIT射频识别系统实时监测鱼类栖息行为,选取流速、涡量、湍流动能和床体切应力4个水动力指标,计算对应流场条件下的中华倒刺鲃栖息适宜度,并基于随机森林和CART算法筛选影响中华倒刺鲃栖息选择的主要水动力指标,探究其栖息行为的水动力选择机制。结果表明,深潭浅滩及沙洲河段的进出口是中华倒刺鲃喜好栖息场所,涡量和流速是影响中华倒刺鲃栖息的主要水动力指标。流速高于0.545 m/s、低于2.3 m/s,涡量高于0.72/m、低于15.7/m时的流场条件,为试验工况下中华倒刺鲃的最适宜栖息环境。研究结果为鱼类栖息地生态修复及生态调度工作提供了理论依据和技术支撑。
英文摘要:
      In this study, Spinibarbus sinensis was selected for study, and we explored the habitat preferences of S. sinensis in constructed multiple microtopographic habitats, simulating the hydrologic and hydraulic conditions in natural rivers with large-scale ecological settings. Additionally, the principal hydrodynamic indicators influencing habitat selection and the hydrodynamic selection mechanism of habitat behavior were analyzed based on Random Forest and Classification and Regression Trees (CART) algorithms. The aims of the study were to provide criteria for planning, designing and carrying out habitat restoration, to facilitate the recovery of fish resources in rivers affected by hydropower projects and to create a hydrodynamic environment suitable for S. sinensis. On August 7 and September 15, real-time monitoring of fish habitation behaviour was conducted in the ecological experimental field using a Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) radio frequency identification system. Four hydrodynamic indicators (flow velocity, vorticity, turbulent kinetic energy, and bed shear stress) were selected to calculate the suitability index for S. sinensis under different microtopographic environments (straight, meandering river sections and sections with a pool, shoal, or bars) and different flow conditions (0.3, 0.6, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 3.0 m3/s). Results show that river sections with pool-shoal and bars were the preferred habitat for S. sinensis. With increasing water flow, preference for river sections with bars increased, especially at the inflow and outflow of bars. Under high water flow conditions (2.0, 3.0 m3/s), over 60% of the S. sinensis displayed a strong preference for the river section with bars. Flow velocity and vorticity were the primary hydrodynamic parameters affecting the habitat preferences of S. sinensis. Under test conditions, the most suitable field conditions for S. sinensis habitation is a velocity between 0.545 m/s and 2.3 m/s, and a vorticity between 0.72/m and 15.7/m. This research provides a theoretical foundation and technical support for ecological restoration and management of fish habitat.
刘 瀚,林俊强,王先证,班学君,王东胜,张 迪,彭期冬,靳甜甜.2024.人工塑造生境条件下中华倒刺鲃的栖息偏好研究[J].水生态学杂志,45(1):134-142.
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