香溪河营养状态时空特征及其对景观发展强度的响应
Spatio-temporal Characteristics of Trophic Status and Its Response to Landscape Development Intensity in the Xiangxi River Basin
投稿时间:2022-04-21  修订日期:2022-08-30
中文关键词:三峡水库  香溪河流域  营养状态  富营养化  景观发展强度
英文关键词:Three Gorges Reservoir  Xiangxi River basin  trophic status  eutrophication  landscape development intensity
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31971477,42177057)
作者单位
李渊 太原科技大学 环境科学与工程学院太原 030024中国科学院水生生物研究所 淡水生态与生物技术国家重点实验室武汉 430072 
张明华 太原科技大学 环境科学与工程学院太原 030024 
房婉蓉 太原科技大学 环境科学与工程学院太原 030024 
吉莉 太原科技大学 环境科学与工程学院太原 030024 
王愿珠 中国科学院水生生物研究所 淡水生态与生物技术国家重点实验室武汉 430072 
米武娟 中国科学院水生生物研究所 淡水生态与生物技术国家重点实验室武汉 430072 
毕永红 中国科学院水生生物研究所 淡水生态与生物技术国家重点实验室武汉 430072 
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中文摘要:
      研究香溪河流域景观强度指数对河流生态系统的影响,旨在拓展蓄水后水环境演变的理论,并为生态修复决策提供有效的依据。在香溪河河口、中游以及上游回水末端共布设了8个采样点,2014年2月到2019年12月进行了连续原位水质监测。基于采样点范围和距长江干流的距离将研究区域划分为T1和T2两个小流域,量化了不同流域景观发展强度,并分析了营养状态的时空变化。结果表明:(1)2014-2019年,T1流域的农田面积和不透水面面积分别增加了2.80%和0.11%,森林面积减少了2.84%,T2流域的农田面积和不透水面面积分别增加了2.84%和0.17%,森林和草地面积有所减少,两个流域的景观发展强度指数 均逐年显著增加,T2流域的LDI高于T1流域;(2)T1和T2流域的平均综合营养水平指数分别为42.03和46.21,两个流域的富营养化频率逐年增加,T2出现的频率高于T1,T1和T2流域的最大TLI(Comprehensive trophic level index,TLI)值均出现在2014年,分别为60.63、78.59,分别处于中营养、超富营养状态,TP和COD是重要影响因素;(3) LDI与T1流域的河流营养状态(r2=0.88,P<0.01)和富营养频率(r2=0.95,P<0.01)之间存在显著的正相关关系,T2流域的营养状态和富营养频率随LDI的增加呈增长的趋势,但在P=0.01水平上不显著。香溪河水体营养状态在小流域尺度对LDI有很好的响应,量化的人类活动模型可以解释土地利用覆盖多种组合的效应,为决策者提供了更加多样化的土地利用配置选项,以减少人为改造对自然环境的影响。
英文摘要:
      Landscape development intensity (LDI) is highly related to wetland biodiversity, and the pH, TP concentration and conductivity of soils, parameters widely used to evaluate the health of wetland ecosystems. In this study, we explored the impacts of landscape development intensity on the river ecosystems of the Xiangxi River basin, aiming to expand the theory of water environment evolution after impoundment and provide an effective basis for ecological restoration. Eight sampling sites were set at the cove, midstream, and end of the upstream backwater of Xiangxi River and continuous in-situ water quality monitoring was conducted from February 2014 to December 2019. The study area was divided into two sub-watersheds based on the scale of sampling sites and the distance from the mainstream of the Yangtze River: Subwatershed T1 was close to the mainstream of the Yangtze River with the area of 200.93 km2 and Subwatershed T2 was far from the mainstream with the area of 223.67 km2. The intensity of landscape development in different sub-watersheds was quantified, and the spatio-temporal dynamics of the comprehensive trophic status of the two sub-watersheds were analyzed. The land use types in the study area included farmland, forest, shrub land, grassland, surface water and impervious surfaces. Results show: (1) The areas of farmland and impervious surface in T1 increased, respectively, by 2.80% and 0.11% from 2014 to 2019, and the forest area decreased by 2.84%. The respective areas of farmland and impervious surface in T2 increased by 2.84% and 0.17%, and the area of forest and grassland decreased. The LDI of the two sub-watersheds increased significantly year by year and the LDI of T2 was higher than that of T1, increasing from 1.7290 to 1.7694 in T1 and from 2.0146 to 2.0566 in T2; (2) The average trophic level index (TLI) of T1 and T2 were 42.03 and 46.21, respectively. The maximum TLI in T1 (60.63) and T2 (78.59) both appeared in 2014, indicating mesotrophic and hypereutrophic conditions. The frequency of eutrophic conditions in the two sub-watersheds increased year by year (T2 > T1), with a maximum occurrence frequency of 15.28% for T1 and 28.97% for T2 in 2019. TP and COD were the most important affecting factors; (3) TLI and eutrophication frequency correlated positively with LDI in T1 (r2=0.88,P < 0.01) and T2 (not significant). TLI clearly responds to the LDI in the sub-watersheds at a small scale. Human activities determine the effects of various combinations of land-use types and policy makers can provide more diversified land-use allocations to reduce the adverse impacts of human activity on the natural environment.
李渊,张明华,房婉蓉,吉莉,王愿珠,米武娟,毕永红.2022.香溪河营养状态时空特征及其对景观发展强度的响应[J].水生态学杂志,43(5):8-14.
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