赤水河春季浮游植物群落结构变化及其优势种生态位分析
Spring Phytoplankton Community Structure and Niche Analysis of Dominant Species in Chishui River
投稿时间:2021-06-29  修订日期:2021-09-28
中文关键词:赤水河  浮游植物  优势种  生态位  群落结构
英文关键词:Chishui River  phytoplankton  dominant species  ecological niche  community structure
基金项目:水利部财政专项业务费项目水资源监测项目
作者单位
魏 秘 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所, 水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 
朱爱民 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 
王 瑞 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 
胡菊香 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 
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中文摘要:
      基于2011-2016年春季对赤水河4个断面浮游植物的调查,分析其群落结构变化及优势种生态位,揭示浮游植物群落变化规律、优势种的生态位分化及其环境适应性,为赤水河浮游植物群落结构特征研究提供基础资料。结果显示,6年间在赤水河共采集到浮游植物7门、68属、233种(变种),主要为硅藻,占比超过60.51%;浮游植物细胞密度在(17.28~136.68)×104个/L,各段面浮游植物密度年际间变化无显著差异,群落组成时间异质性较空间异质性明显,时空方差分解显示,时间变异可解释总变异的24.5%,空间变异仅解释总变异的2%;浮游植物多样性指数显示,2014年和2016年赤水河处于轻污或无污染状态,2011-2013年和2015年受到中度人为影响。2011-2016年春季赤水河共出现优势种31种(变种),主要为广生态位和中生态位种,生态位重叠指数在同一门类物种中最高,在不同门类物种中最小。研究表明,赤水河春季浮游植物对水生态环境的适应能力强,对水环境的变化有较好适应性。
英文摘要:
      Chishui River comprises the important part of the national nature reserve for rare and endemic fish in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. The understanding of the relationship between phytoplankton species will provide reference for the conservation and management of ecological environment of Chishui River. In this study, phytoplankton community structure and dominant species niche were analyzed based on the survey of phytoplankton in Chishui River from 2011 to 2016. The law of phytoplankton community changes in spring, the niche differentiation of dominant species and their environmental adaptability were revealed to provide basic data for the study of the characteristics of the phytoplankton community structure in the Chishui River. The sampling of phytoplankton for quantitative and qualitative analysis was carried out at four transects on the stem of the Chishui River in spring from March to May. During the investigation, a total of 233 phytoplankton species (variants) from 68 genera and 7 phyla were collected in Chishui River , with the absolute dominance of Bacillariophyta (142 species), accounting for more than 60.51%. During 2011 to 2016, the number of collected phytoplankton in each year was 105, 105, 100, 122, 132 and 133, respectively. The phytoplankton density fluctuated between (17.28-136.68)×104 cells/L. There was no significant difference in the inter-annual phytoplankton density between survey sections, while the temporal heterogeneity of phytoplankton community composition was more obvious than the spatial heterogeneity. The decomposition of temporal and spatial variance shows that temporal variability explained 24.5% of the total variability, while spatial variability only explained 2%. Based on the evaluation of the phytoplankton diversity indices, Chishui River was in a light or no pollution state in 2014 and 2016, and it was moderately affected by humans from 2011 to 2013 and in 2015. A total of 31 dominant species (variants) occurred in Chishui River in spring during 2011-2016.The dominant species of phytoplankton in Chishui River were primarily broad niche breadth species and moderate niche?breadth species. The average niche overlap index of dominant species was the highest among species in the same category and the minimum among species in different categories. Our research shows that phytoplankton in the Chishui River had a strong adaptability to the changes of the water environment in spring.
魏 秘,朱爱民,王 瑞,胡菊香.2022.赤水河春季浮游植物群落结构变化及其优势种生态位分析[J].水生态学杂志,43(5):49-58.
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