池塘植藕对沉积物养分和酶活性的影响
Effects of Planting Lotus Root on Sediment Nutrients and Enzyme Activity in a Culture Pond
投稿时间:2021-04-21  修订日期:2022-09-14
中文关键词:池塘  莲藕  黄颡鱼  沉积物  酶活性
英文关键词:fishpond  Nelumbo nucifera  Pelteobagrus fulvidraco  sediment  enzyme activity
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2019YFD0900302);现代农业产业技术体系建设专项资金(CARS-46)和湖北省生态循环农业创新体系项目(2018skjcx01)
作者单位
杨 镇 长江大学农学院湖北 荆州 434025 
彭 亮 长江大学农学院湖北 荆州 434025中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所湖北 武汉 430223 
陶 玲 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所湖北 武汉 430223 
姚雁鸿 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所湖北 武汉 430223 
朱建强 长江大学农学院湖北 荆州 434025 
李 谷 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所湖北 武汉 430223 
摘要点击次数: 301
全文下载次数: 70
中文摘要:
      为了揭示池塘种植莲藕(Nelumbo nucifera)对沉积物养分吸收及其养分转化相关酶的作用效果,将基本情况完全相同的黄颡鱼(Pelteobagrus fulvidraco)养殖池塘分为植藕组(Tl)和非植藕对照组(CK),观察2组池塘在黄颡鱼苗种培育过程沉积物中养分和4种酶(脲酶、磷酸酶、蛋白酶、蔗糖酶)活性变化。结果显示,与CK相比,Tl沉积物中的总氮(TN)、氨态氮(NH4+-N)和硝态氮(NO3--N)在莲藕苗期后均显著降低,在莲藕休眠期分别降低了8.5%、54.1%和52.7%,其中NH4+-N减少是沉积物中TN降低的主要原因;莲藕苗期至花果期的总磷(TP)明显下降,最大降幅达22.6%;苗期后的有机质(OM)开始显著降低,休眠期相较对照组降低8.4%。对2组池塘而言,沉积物的酶活性均呈现先增加、后降低的变化趋势,Tl沉积物中4种酶的平均活性均高于CK,酶活性的差异在莲藕苗期和休眠期达显著水平(P<0.05)。研究表明,4种酶之间存在着显著正相关关系,脲酶、磷酸酶和蔗糖酶活性与沉积物中NH4+-N的含量呈显著负相关,蛋白酶活性与沉积物中NO3--N的含量呈显著正相关(P<0.05)。
英文摘要:
      In this study, lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) was planted in a yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco) culture pond to construct a symbiotic system. We explored the effects of lotus root (Nelumbo nucifera) on the removal of nutrients from fishpond sediments and on the activity of enzymes involved with nutrient conversion. Two aquaculture ponds (20 m × 22 m) with yellow catfish were set with the same basic conditions: (1) a treatment pond (Tl) planted with lotus and (2) a control pond (CK) with no lotus. On May 20 2020, lotus roots were planted in the treatment pond and on July 28 yellow catfish fry were released to both ponds. The sediment of both ponds was sampled on May 10 (before lotus was planted) and June 11, July 18, August 22, October 1 and November 1 (after pond was dormant) to include the different growth phases of lotus. The sediment samples were analyzed for physicochemical parameters and the activities of four soil enzymes (urease, phosphatase, protease, sucrase). Changes in sediment nutrient levels and enzyme activity were then monitored as the yellow catfish fry and lotus grew. After the lotus grew past the seedling stage, nutrient concentrations in the T1 sediment were significantly lower than in the CK sediment. After the ponds reached the dormant stage, TN was lower in T1 by 8.5%, NH4+-N by 54.1% and NO3--N by 52.7%. The lower TN content in T1 sediment was due primarily to the lower NH4+-N. The TP content in sediments of Tl decreased significantly as the lotus grew from the seedling stage to the flowering stage, with a maximum reduction of 22.6%. After the seedling stage, the content of organic matter in the sediment decreased significantly, by 8.4% when the ponds had reached the dormant stage. In both ponds, the sediment enzyme activity increased initially and then decreased. The average activities of the four enzymes in Tl sediment were all higher than those in CK sediment. The differences in enzyme activity increased through the growing season and were significant by the time the pond reached the dormant stage (P<0.05). Correlation analysis showed (1) a significant positive correlation among the activities of the four enzymes (P<0.05), (2) a significant negative correlation of urease, phosphatase and sucrase activities with NH4+-N content, and (3) a significant positive correlation of protease activity with sediment NO3--N content. The results of this study demonstrate that planting lotus in a fish cultivation pond decreases sediment nutrient levels and increases the activities of nutrient converting enzymes.
杨 镇,彭 亮,陶 玲,姚雁鸿,朱建强,李 谷.2022.池塘植藕对沉积物养分和酶活性的影响[J].水生态学杂志,43(5):134-140.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
Copyright © 2008 《水生态学杂志》编辑部 地址:湖北省武汉市雄楚大街578号 
邮编:430079 电话:027-82926630 E-mail: sstx@mail.ihe.ac.cn  京ICP备09084417号