三峡水库小江流域常见鱼类肌肉碳、氮、磷生态化学计量特征
The C:N:P Ratio in Muscle Tissue of Fish from Xiaojiang River
投稿时间:2021-04-06  修订日期:2022-09-15
中文关键词:三峡水库  小江流域  鱼类肌肉  生态化学计量特征
英文关键词:Three Gorges Reservoir  Xiaojiang River  fish muscles  ecological stoichiometry characteristics
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51779157,51679153);国家自然科学青年基金(编号51809184)
作者单位
朱利明 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 
邹 曦 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 
史 方 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 
胡 莲 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 
杨 晴 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 
郑志伟 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 
丁庆秋 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 
朱 稳 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 
张三峰 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 
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中文摘要:
      为探究三峡水库小江流域常见草食性、浮游生物食性、肉食性和杂食性鱼类肌肉的碳(C)、氮(N)、磷(P)生态化学计量特征,2018年1月(枯水期)和7月(丰水期)在小江流域7个设定断面,采集4种食性的鱼类样品,测定其生长特性指标,分析鱼类肌肉C、N、P生态化学计量特征及相关性。结果表明,鱼类肌肉C、N、P元素含量为34.75% ~58.71%、7.00% ~15.45%、0.89% ~8.21%,C:N、C:P和N:P为3.62 ~9.75、16.92 ~136.95、2.14 ~35.31,其中磷元素含量变化最大且是导致N:P变化的主要原因。小江流域不同食性鱼类肌肉元素组成差异不明显,其中仅草食性鱼类、浮游生物食性鱼类的N含量和N:P显著大于肉食性鱼类和杂食性鱼类(P<0.05),其他元素及比例在各食性鱼类之间均无显著性差异(P>0.05);不同采样断面的鱼类肌肉元素含量及比例无显著性差异;相关性分析发现,小江流域鱼类肌肉N和P含量呈负相关关系(P<0.05),除草食性鱼外,各食性鱼类的N含量均与水体NO3--N含量呈显著正相关(P<0.05)。研究结果对深入了解大坝干扰下水生态系统食物网营养关系及营养循环格局具有重要意义。
英文摘要:
      In this study, we explored the stoichiometric ratios of carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and phosphorous (P) in the muscle tissue from common herbivorous, planktonic-feeding, carnivorous and omnivorous fish in Xiaojiang River of Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) and analyzed their relationship with the nutrient status of the water body. In January (dry season) and July (wet season) of 2018, fish with the four diets were collected from 7 sampling sections in Xiaojiang River. The growth parameters of the specimens were measured in situ and the C, N and P levels and their ratios in muscle tissues were determined. Water samples were collected simultaneously for the determination of water environmental parameters. A total of 325 individuals from 14 species were collected during the survey. The tissue C, N and P concentration ranges in muscle tissue of the four feeding groups were, respectively, 34.75%-58.71%, 7%-15.45% and 0.89%-8.21%, and the respective ratio ranges of C:N, C:P and N:P were 3.62-9.75, 16.92-136.95 and 2.14-35.31. The most variable component was P content, which was the main cause of variation in the N:P ratio. The N levels and N:P ratios of herbivorous and plankton-feeding fish were significantly higher than those in carnivorous and omnivorous fish (P<0.05), but there were no significant differences between other elements and proportions among fish species with different diets (P>0.05). Nor were there any significant differences in the element content or proportions among the fish collected from different sampling sections. Correlation analysis shows that N and P levels in fish from Xiaojiang River were negatively correlated with each other (P<0.05) and, except for herbivorous fish, there was a significant positive correlation between N content and the NO3--N content of the water (P<0.05). It is important to understand the relationship of different nutrients in the food web of aquatic ecosystems and our results provide a better understanding of these relationships in an aquatic ecosystem impacted by a dam.
朱利明,邹 曦,史 方,胡 莲,杨 晴,郑志伟,丁庆秋,朱 稳,张三峰.2022.三峡水库小江流域常见鱼类肌肉碳、氮、磷生态化学计量特征[J].水生态学杂志,43(5):106-116.
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