秦岭细鳞鲑生物学参数研究及其个体变化探讨
Biology and Miniaturization of Brachymystax lenok tsinlingensis
投稿时间:2021-04-04  修订日期:2021-06-19
中文关键词:秦岭细鳞鲑  生物学参数  秦岭黑河  个体变化
英文关键词:Brachymystax lenok tsinlingensis  biological characteristics  Qinling Heihe River basin  miniaturization
基金项目:陕西省重点研发计划一般项目-农业领域(2018NY-108);陕西省重点研发计划一般项目-社会发展领域(2017SF-395)
作者单位
张建禄 陕西省秦岭珍稀濒危动物保育重点实验室陕西省动物研究所陕西 西安710032 
许涛清 陕西省秦岭珍稀濒危动物保育重点实验室陕西省动物研究所陕西 西安710032 
黄吉芹 陕西省秦岭珍稀濒危动物保育重点实验室陕西省动物研究所陕西 西安710032 
边坤 陕西省秦岭珍稀濒危动物保育重点实验室陕西省动物研究所陕西 西安710032 
方程 陕西省秦岭珍稀濒危动物保育重点实验室陕西省动物研究所陕西 西安710032 
王启军 陕西省秦岭珍稀濒危动物保育重点实验室陕西省动物研究所陕西 西安710032 
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中文摘要:
      探究秦岭细鳞鲑(Brachymystax lenok tsinlingensis)个体生物学参数及个体小型化现象,为该鱼种的保护与开发利用提供基础资料。于1991年8月、1992年11月,在秦岭黑河流域调查秦岭细鳞鲑,分析采集到的178尾秦岭细鳞鲑的生物学数据。结果显示:秦岭细鳞鲑体长为48~290 mm,体质量为 3~475 g,50 g以下个体占比达75.84%。体长(L)-体质量(W)关系式为:W = 3×10-5 L2.9105,R2 = 0.982,雌雄性比为1:1.44。独立样本t检验分析表明:雌、雄秦岭细鳞鲑的肥满度、比肠长、脏体比、腹腔脂肪指数等4个指标差异不显著(P>0.05)。与2014年相同流域的秦岭细鳞鲑数据比对后发现,平均体质量和100 g以下个体所占百分比无明显差异。综合分析现有关于秦岭细鳞鲑个体小型化的报道,认为秦岭细鳞鲑个体小型化有待进一步研究。
英文摘要:
      Brachymystax lenok tsinlingensis is a landlocked cold water fish endemic to China, primarily distributed in the Weihe River basin, including the Heihe and Qianhe Rivers. Studying the biology of B. lenok tsinlingensis is important for its conservation and the exploitation of germplasm resources. In this study, we characterized the biology of B. lenok tsinlingensis and discussed the problem of miniaturization by comparing research results over time (1991-1992, 2014). A total of 178 B. lenok tsinlingensis specimens, collected in the Qinling Heihe River basin from 1991 to 1992, were analyzed. The body length and body weight ranges of the 178 specimens were 48-290 mm and 3-475 g, and individuals under 50 g accounted for 75.84% of the total. The relationship of body length (L) and body weight (W) was described as W = 3 × 10-5 L2.9105, R2 = 0.982. Among the 44 individuals identified by sex, the ratio of females to males was 1:1.44. The t-test analysis of independent samples indicated no significant difference among the condition factor (CF), relative gut length (RGL), viserosomatic index (VSI) and intraperitoneal fat body index (IFI) of males and females (P>0.05). Compared with specimens collected in 2014, there were no significant differences between average body weight or the percentage of individuals under 100 g. Finally, we analyzed evidence for the miniaturization of B. lenok tsinlingensis reported by researchers, found the evidence unconvincing, and concluded that additional study of B. lenok tsinlingensis miniaturization is necessary to clearly resolve the issue.
张建禄,许涛清,黄吉芹,边坤,方程,王启军.2022.秦岭细鳞鲑生物学参数研究及其个体变化探讨[J].水生态学杂志,43(5):117-121.
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