鄂东南5个典型湖泊的水体光学特性研究
Optical Properties of Five Typical Lakes in Southeastern Hubei Province
投稿时间:2020-10-09  修订日期:2022-05-19
中文关键词:鄂东南  典型湖泊  光合有效辐射  光学衰减系数  真光层深度
英文关键词:southeastern Hubei Province  typical lakes  photosynthetically active radiation (PAR)  optical attenuation coefficient (Kd)  euphotic depth (Zeu)
基金项目:湖北省教育厅科学技术研究计划项目(Q20182502,D20152503);湖北省大学生创新创业计划训练项目(201819010318)
作者单位
吴 超 湖北师范大学城市与环境学院湖北 黄石 435002 
吴晓东 湖北师范大学城市与环境学院湖北 黄石 435002黄石市土壤污染防治重点实验室湖北 黄石 435002 
葛绪广 湖北师范大学城市与环境学院湖北 黄石 435002黄石市土壤污染防治重点实验室湖北 黄石 435002 
任伟祥 中国自然资源航空物探遥感中心北京 100083 
冯 恋 湖北师范大学城市与环境学院湖北 黄石 435002 
杨久芸 湖北师范大学城市与环境学院湖北 黄石 435002 
谭 亚 湖北师范大学城市与环境学院湖北 黄石 435002 
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中文摘要:
      为了探究水体光学特性的时空变化特征及影响因素,于2018—2019年对鄂东南5个典型湖泊(仙岛湖、梁子湖、网湖、策湖和青山湖1号)进行了周年调查;通过分析光学衰减系数(Kd)等重要水体光学参数,得到了各湖泊光合有效辐射衰减特征及影响因子,可为该地区富营养化湖泊的水生植被修复提供参考。结果表明:(1)鄂东南5个典型湖泊之间的透明度、悬浮物、叶绿素a差异极显著(P<0.01)。(2)仙岛湖和梁子湖的溶解性有机物浓度较低,年均值分别为(1.38±0.39)、(2.36±0.92)m-1,与其他湖泊差异极显著(P<0.01)。(3)年均光学衰减系数的空间分布规律为:仙岛湖[(0.36±0.21)m-1]<梁子湖[(1.81±0.89)m-1]<青山湖1号[(3.77±1.89)m-1]<策湖[(4.40±1.90)m-1]<网湖[(4.70±2.54)m-1],各湖泊之间存在极显著差异(P<0.01)。(4)仙岛湖光学衰减系数的主要影响因子是溶解性有机物,梁子湖和网湖则主要受悬浮物影响,溶解性有机物和叶绿素a是造成策湖和青山湖1号水体光学衰减系数较高的重要原因,其中以溶解性有机物为主。(5)各湖泊的真光层深度与透明度均呈现出极显著相关性(P<0.01),透明度在一定程度上可以反演真光层深度,也可为沉水植物恢复区域划分提供依据。
英文摘要:
      In recent years, eutrophication of some lakes in southeast Hubei Province has intensified due to industrial and agricultural production and pollution from domestic sewage, and the need for ecological restoration is urgent. In this study, five typical lakes (Xiandao, Liangzi, Wanghu, Cehu and Qingshan Lakes) in southeast Hubei Province were selected for study, and we explored the temporal and spatial variation of optical properties in the five lakes by analyzing the light attenuation coefficient (Kd), euphotic zone depth (Zeu), photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) and other optical parameters. The factors influencing the variation in optical properties were also identified. The objectives were to provide a reference for aquatic vegetation restoration of the eutrophic lakes in this area. The study was based on a seasonal field investigation and water quality monitoring in the five lakes during autumn and winter of 2018, and spring and summer of 2019. Results show that: (1) The Secchi depth (SD), suspended solids (SS) and chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) of the five lakes were all significantly different (P<0.01). (2) The concentrations of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in Xiandao Lake and Liangzi Lake were relatively low, with annual mean values of (1.38±0.39) and (2.36±0.92) m-1, respectively, significantly different from those in other lakes (P<0.01). (3) The spatial distribution of Kd among lakes also varied significantly (P<0.01), with the following annual averages: Xiandao Lake [(0.36±0.21) m-1] < Liangzi Lake [(1.81±0.89) m-1] < Qingshan Lake [(3.77±1.89) m-1] < Cehu Lake[(4.40±1.90) m-1] < Wanghu Lake[(4.70±2.54) m-1]. The primary influencing factor of Kd in Xiandao Lake was DOM, while Kd in Liangzi Lake and Wanghu Lake was primarily affected by the SS. DOM and Chl-a were the important factors resulting in the high Kd in Cehu Lake and Qingshan Lake, particularly the DOM. (5) The Zeu of each lake correlated significantly with SD (P<0.01), and Zeu can thus be estimated from the Secchi depth, providing a reference for selecting areas for submerged plant restoration.
吴 超,吴晓东,葛绪广,任伟祥,冯 恋,杨久芸,谭 亚.2022.鄂东南5个典型湖泊的水体光学特性研究[J].水生态学杂志,43(3):96-105.
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