莱州湾水域鱼类生物完整性评价
Evaluation on Biological Integrity of Fish in Laizhou Bay
投稿时间:2019-10-18  修订日期:2020-04-23
中文关键词:鱼类生物完整性指数(F-IBI)  生态系统健康评价  莱州湾  捕捞  陆源污染
英文关键词:fish index of biological integrity  ecosystem health assessment  Laizhou Bay  fishing  land-based pollution
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2018YFD0900905);海洋公益性行业科研专项经费项目(201505001);大连海洋大学农业农村部北方海水增养殖重点实验室基金(2018-KF-03);山东省泰山学者建设工程专项和青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室“鳌山人才”计划。
作者单位
林 群 农业农村部黄渤海渔业资源环境科学观测实验站山东省渔业资源与生态环境重点实验室中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所山东青岛 266071 
袁 伟 农业农村部黄渤海渔业资源环境科学观测实验站山东省渔业资源与生态环境重点实验室中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所山东青岛 266071 
单秀娟 农业农村部黄渤海渔业资源环境科学观测实验站山东省渔业资源与生态环境重点实验室中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所山东青岛 266071青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室/海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室山东青岛 266237 
李忠义 农业农村部黄渤海渔业资源环境科学观测实验站山东省渔业资源与生态环境重点实验室中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所山东青岛 266071 
王 俊 农业农村部黄渤海渔业资源环境科学观测实验站山东省渔业资源与生态环境重点实验室中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所山东青岛 266071 
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中文摘要:
      海湾生态系统的健康与恢复受到国内外生态学家的广泛关注,准确辨识海湾生态系统的健康状况,对于确定生态系统的恢复目标具有重要的作用。目前,鱼类生物完整性指数成为评价生态系统健康状况重要的研究方法。本研究依据2016-2017年在莱州湾采用底拖网开展的鱼类资源调查,通过鱼类生物完整性指数评价莱州湾生态系统健康状况。参照1982-1983年的历史资料确定评价标准,从鱼类种类组成与丰度、繁殖共位群和营养结构等角度,筛选适用于莱州湾水域鱼类生物完整性(Fish index of biological integrity,F-IBI)评价的指标体系,得到鱼类总种类数、冷温性鱼类比例、中上层鱼类种类数比例、平均单位网次渔获量、多样性指数、产浮性卵鱼类比例、产粘着性卵鱼类比例、低耐污鱼类种数比例、广食性鱼类比例、底栖动物食性鱼类比例、浮游动物食性鱼类比例和杂食性鱼类比例等12个参数指标。根据评价指标体系计算F-IBI,结果显示:莱州湾水域的F-IBI得分为30, 其完整性等级为“差”,表明莱州湾水域生态健康状况差。建议采取面源污染控制和基于生态系统保护的渔业管理恢复莱州湾水域生态系统健康。研究结果为该水域的生态修复和渔业资源的可持续管理提供了科学依据。
英文摘要:
      The health and restoration of the Bohai Gulf ecosystem has attracted increasing interest among ecologists at home and abroad. Assessing the health status of the gulf ecosystem is necessary to set restoration goals and the fish index of biological integrity (F-IBI) is an important research method for evaluating ecosystem health. In this study, the health status of the Laizhou Bay ecosystem was evaluated using the F-IBI, based on fish resource surveys conducted in 2016-2017 using bottom trawls. The F-IBI for evaluating the Laizhou Bay aquatic ecosystem was constructed by comparing historical data (1982-1983) with the data from 2016-2017, as well as references from the literature. The evaluation system consisted of 12 metrics from four general attributes: species composition and abundance, reproductive guild, tolerance and trophic structure. The twelve metrics included; total number of fish species, proportion of cold water fish species, proportion of pelagic fish species, catch per haul per hour, Shannon-Wiener diversity index by weight, proportion of fish species with floating eggs, proportion of fish species with adhesive eggs, proportion of pollution sensitive fish species, proportion of fish species with a heterogeneous diet, proportion of fish species feeding on benthonic animals, proportion of fish species feeding on zooplankton and proportion of omnivorous fish species. The overall F-IBI score calculated for Laizhou Bay was 30, in the poor range, indicating that the aquatic ecosystem of Laizhou Bay needs to be better protected and restored. Non-point source pollution control and ecosystem-based fishery management are recommended to restore ecosystem health to Laizhou Bay waters. This result provides evidence for ecological restoration and the sustainable management of fishery resources in Laizhou Bay.
林 群,袁 伟,单秀娟,李忠义,王 俊.2021.莱州湾水域鱼类生物完整性评价[J].水生态学杂志,42(2):101-106.
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