6种典型滨海湿地植物对土壤盐分的影响
Effects of Six Typical Coastal Wetland Plants on Soil Salinity
投稿时间:2019-06-10  修订日期:2021-05-20
中文关键词:湿地植物  黄河三角洲  土壤pH  降盐作用
英文关键词:wetland plant  Yellow River Delta  soil pH  desalination
基金项目:中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金(CAFYBB2014MA015)
作者单位
郭 嘉 中国林业科学研究院湿地研究所北京 100091湿地生态功能与恢复北京市重点实验室北京 100091 
李敬玉 北京农学院都市农业研究所北京 102206 
徐化凌 东营市农业科学研究院山东 东营 257091 
许 洁 山东科达基建有限公司山东 东营 257000 
张明乾 福建中烟工业有限责任公司技术中心福建 厦门 361021 
于一雷 中国林业科学研究院湿地研究所北京 100091湿地生态功能与恢复北京市重点实验室北京 100091 
徐卫刚 中国林业科学研究院湿地研究所北京 100091湿地生态功能与恢复北京市重点实验室北京 100091 
马牧源 中国林业科学研究院湿地研究所北京 100091湿地生态功能与恢复北京市重点实验室北京 100091 
赵娜娜 中国林业科学研究院湿地研究所北京 100091湿地生态功能与恢复北京市重点实验室北京 100091 
李肖夏 中国林业科学研究院湿地研究所北京 100091湿地生态功能与恢复北京市重点实验室北京 100091 
朱耀军 中国林业科学研究院湿地研究所北京 100091湿地生态功能与恢复北京市重点实验室北京 100091 
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中文摘要:
      探究典型滨海湿地植物对盐碱土的改良作用,可为未来盐碱地改良和治理提供理论参考与决策依据。在黄河三角洲湿地,选择盐角草(Salicornia europaea)、盐地碱蓬(Suaeda salsa)、二色补血草(Limonium bicolor)、中亚滨藜(Atriplex centralasiatica)、獐毛(Aeluropus sinensis)、星星草(Puccinella tenuiflora)共6种典型植物,采用野外原位种植方式;在试验中心的田间选择5 m×10 m区域,布置18个相同的试验小区(1 m×1 m),每种植物均撒播3个小区,分别在植物生长苗期(6月初)、初期(7月中旬)、中期(8月中旬)、后期(9月中下旬)采集各小区内土样,测定土壤盐分变化。结果显示,与生长初期相比,6种植物生长后期使土壤全盐、可溶性K+、Na+、Ca2+、SO42-、Cl-平均显著降低了22.02%、22.03%、23.59%、19.65%、17.37%、19.05%,pH和Mg2+在中亚滨藜、獐毛、星星草群落显著降低了3.99%、4.58%、4.63%和11.81%、14.54%、17.57%,中亚滨藜、獐毛、星星草对土壤盐分的降低作用较好。不同植物生长期的对比发现,盐角草群落在植物生长早期对土壤盐分的降低效果最好,但中后期以中亚滨藜、獐毛、星星草的降盐作用更为显著。
英文摘要:
      Coastal wetland plants complete their life cycle in saline soil and have evolved mechanisms that adapt the plants to a saline environment. The ability of coastal wetland plants to reduce soil salinity and alkalinity was explored to provide a theoretical reference and basis for decision-making in future efforts to improve and manage these soils. The Yellow River Delta wetland was selected as a case study and in-situ experiments using six typical coastal wetland plants (Salicornia europaea, Suaeda salsa, Limonium bicolor, Atriplex centralasiatica, Aeluropus sinensis, Puccinella tenuiflora) were carried out to investigate the effect of plant growth on soil salinity and alkalinity. At our experimental center, 18 experimental plots (1 m×1 m) were arranged within a rectangular area (5 m×10 m). Each plant was sown in three randomly selected plots and soil samples from each plot were collected at the seedling stage (early June), early stage (mid-July), middle stage (mid-August) and late stage (mid to late September) of plant growth. Soil physicochemical properties were analyzed and included pH, total salt and dissolved K+, Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, SO42- and Cl-. Compared with the early growth stage, the total salt and dissolved K+, Na+, Ca2+, SO42- and Cl- content of soil samples decreased significantly after the plants had reached their late growth stage. The respective decreases, averaged across the six plants, were 22.02%, 22.03%, 23.59%, 19.65%, 17.37% and 19.05%. In soil planted with A. centralasiatica, A. sinensis and P. tenuiflora,the pH and Mg2+ were also significantly reduced, with respective pH reductions of 3.99%, 4.58% and 4.63% and Mg2+ reductions of 11.81%, 14.54% and 17.57%. The experimental soils were most improved by A. centralasiatica, A. sinensis and P. tenuiflora. The beneficial effects of the different plants varied with growth stage: S. europaea best reduced soil salinity in the early growth stage, but salinity reduction with A. centralasiatica, A. sinensis and P. tenuiflora was more pronounced during the middle and late stages.
郭 嘉,李敬玉,徐化凌,许 洁,张明乾,于一雷,徐卫刚,马牧源,赵娜娜,李肖夏,朱耀军.2021.6种典型滨海湿地植物对土壤盐分的影响[J].水生态学杂志,42(3):38-46.
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