额尔齐斯河与黑龙江流域哲罗鲑群体遗传差异比较
Analysis of Genetic Differentiation for Hucho taimen Populations in the Irtysh and Amur River Basins Based on Mitochondrial DNA Sequencing
投稿时间:2019-04-30  修订日期:2019-07-18
中文关键词:哲罗鲑  线粒体DNA  额尔齐斯河流域  黑龙江流域  遗传差异
英文关键词:Hucho taimen  mitochondrial DNA  Irtysh River basin  Amur River basin  genetic differentiation
基金项目:额尔齐斯河流域哲罗鲑、细鳞鲑种群资源及其遗传多样性研究专题项目(KKYG03)
作者单位E-mail
汪鄂洲 中南民族大学湖北 武汉 430074水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所 水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 1358264422@qq.com 
廖小林 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所 水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 xliao@mail.ihe.ac.cn 
杨钟 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所 水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 zhongyang@mail.ihe.ac.cn 
胡兴坤 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所 水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 1296754220@qq.com 
李伟涛 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所 水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 liweitao02@163.com 
陈锋 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所 水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079  
朱滨 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所 水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 zhubin@mail.ihe.ac.cn 
王红莹 中南民族大学湖北 武汉 430074 wanghongying@mail.scuec.edu.cn 
黄道明 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所 水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室湖北 武汉 430079 daomingh@mail.ihe.ac.cn 
摘要点击次数: 73
全文下载次数: 33
中文摘要:
      由于拦河筑坝、水体污染以及过度捕捞等原因,哲罗鲑(Hucho taimen)野生资源急剧衰退,已被列入中国脊椎动物红色名录,急需开展哲罗鲑野生群体的恢复与保护工作,人工增殖放流已成为最重要的保护方式之一。为了开展科学有效的哲罗鲑人工增殖放流工作,分析其不同来源的遗传多样性与遗传差异非常必要。通过测定来自我国额尔齐斯河(IR)、黑龙江(AR)以及人工繁殖(AP,亲本来源于黑龙江流域)的3 个哲罗鲑群体线粒体DNA部分序列(COI和D-loop),并从GenBank下载来自俄罗斯鄂毕河(额尔齐斯河下游河流)、黑龙江流域的部分D-loop序列,比较额尔齐斯河与黑龙江流域哲罗鲑的遗传差异。结果表明,在测定的43 尾个体中,线粒体DNA测序长度为2626 bp,共检测出37 个多态位点,定义了18 个单倍型,单倍型多样性为0.520~0.952,核苷酸多样性为0.00032~0.00167,其中IR群体的单倍型多样性最高,AR群体核苷酸多样性最高,而AP群体单倍型与核苷酸多样性均最低。分子方差分析(AMOVA)显示,77.19%的遗传变异来源于群体间,总遗传分化指数(Fst)为0.7719(P<0.01),表明两个流域的哲罗鲑群体间存在显著的遗传分化。无论是仅使用本研究测定的样品,还是加入从GenBank下载的俄罗斯哲罗鲑样品,聚类分析结果均表明存在两个明显的单倍型谱系分支,额尔齐斯河流域哲罗鲑为单独一支,黑龙江流域哲罗鲑聚为另一支。建议加强人工繁殖哲罗鲑的遗传管理和不同水域哲罗鲑增殖放流的遗传学论证,有效维持自然水体哲罗鲑的遗传多样性水平。
英文摘要:
      Hucho taimen (Pallas, 1773) is a carnivorous freshwater fish inhabiting in the Irtysh and Amur River basins in China and is of high economic value. In recent years, wild populations of H. taimen have declined dramatically as a result of river damming, water pollution and overfishing, and it is now on the Red List of China’s Vertebrates. The objectives of this study were to provide data supporting conservation of wild H. taimen populations and technical support for the artificial propagation program in the Irtysh River basin. Partial mitochondrial DNA sequences (COI and D-loop) were characterized for H. taimen populations sampled from Irtysh River (IR), Amur River (AR) and artificially propagated juveniles (AP, parents from Amur River Basin). To compare genetic diversity and differences in H. taimen populations from different areas, D-loop sequences were downloaded from GenBank for H. taimen sampled from Ob River (the lower reaches of the Irtysh River) and Amur River in Russia. A total of 43 H. taimen samples were collected in this study, 7 from the IR population, 26 from the AP population and 10 from the AR population. The mtDNA sequences of all 43 specimens were successfully sequenced and characterized. The length of the mitochondrial DNA sequence (COI and D-loop) was 2626 base pairs (bp) and a total of 37 polymorphic sites and 18 different mtDNA haplotypes were identified among the 43 specimens. The number of haplotypes for IR, AR and AP populations was 6, 6 and 7, giving respective haplotype diversities of 0.952, 0.867 and 0.520 and nucleotide diversities of 0.00105, 0.00167 and 0.00032. The IR population had the highest haplotype diversity, the AR population had the highest nucleotide diversity, and the AP population had the lowest haplotype and nucleotide diversities. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) indicated that genetic variation among the populations was 77.19% and the genetic differentiation among the H. taimen populations was significant (Fst=0.7719, P<0.01). Phylogenetic analysis also showed that the haplotypes from the Irtysh River basin and Amur River basin lineages had diverged. Thus, the genetic diversity of artificially bred H. taimen can and should be increased to strengthen the population.
汪鄂洲,廖小林,杨钟,胡兴坤,李伟涛,陈锋,朱滨,王红莹,黄道明.2019.额尔齐斯河与黑龙江流域哲罗鲑群体遗传差异比较[J].水生态学杂志,40(4):75-82.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
Copyright © 2008 《水生态学杂志》编辑部 地址:湖北省武汉市雄楚大街578号 
邮编:430079 电话:027-82926630 E-mail: sstx@mail.ihe.ac.cn  京ICP备09084417号