液氮冻融前处理优化测定浮游植物叶绿素a的初步研究
Determination of Phytoplankton Chlorophyll-a Concentration Using a Liquid Nitrogen Freeze-Thaw Pretreatment
投稿时间:2019-02-16  修订日期:2021-01-22
中文关键词:液氮速冻  叶绿素a  浮游植物  正交实验
英文关键词:liquid nitrogen freeze-thaw extraction  chlorophyll-a  phytoplankton  orthogonal experiment
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41403061);广东省科技计划项目(2013B091300015)
作者单位E-mail
朱德平 暨南大学水生生物研究中心广东 广州 510632 13535063402@163.com 
邹楚钧 暨南大学水生生物研究中心广东 广州 510632  
杨俊悦 开平市大沙河供水公司广东 开平 529300  
林秋奇 暨南大学水生生物研究中心广东 广州 510632广东省水库蓝藻水华防治中心广东 广州 510632  
彭 亮 暨南大学水生生物研究中心广东 广州 510632广东省水库蓝藻水华防治中心广东 广州 510632  
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中文摘要:
      叶绿素a通常是表征浮游植物生物量的主要参数。针对叶绿素a测定中前处理耗时长、提取不完全等问题,本文研究了液氮冻融前处理对叶绿素a测定效率的影响。通过单因素实验和正交实验设计,探究液氮速冻时间、冻融次数、浸提时间等主要参数对叶绿素a提取效率的影响,并确定液氮冻融前处理测定叶绿素a的最优条件。结果表明,液氮冻融前处理测定叶绿素a的最优条件为速冻时间30 s、冻融次数4次、90%的丙酮浸提时间4 h。在此条件下,小球藻和微囊藻叶绿素a浓度测定相对标准偏差分别为0.57%和2.25%,变异系数分别为0.46%和1.84%。野外水样测定结果显示,与丙酮-研磨法、分光光度法(SL 88-2012)、分光光度法(HJ 897-2017)和反复冻融浸提法相比,液氮冻融前处理法的提取效率高于其他方法且测定结果相对偏差更小,数据重现性较好,浸提时间较其他4种方法缩短50%以上,浸提效率达93%以上。本研究结果表明液氮冻融前处理能显著提高叶绿素a测定效率。
英文摘要:
      Eutrophication of water bodies is a worldwide environmental problem, and assessing eutrophication status supports efforts to prevent and remediate eutrophication. Chlorophyll-a is an important indicator of water quality and used to indicate the degree of eutrophication and to monitor harmful algal blooms (HABs). Extraction of chlorophyll-a from the algae sample is time-consuming and often incomplete, and is the most problematic step in chlorophyll-a analysis. The objective of this study was to increase the chlorophyll-a extraction efficiency by liquid nitrogen freeze-thaw pretreatment. Single-factor and orthogonal experiments were carried out to optimize the extraction efficiency of chlorophyll-a in pure cultured Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Microcystis aeruginosa. Each step was considered: the quick freeze time, the number of freeze-thaw cycles, and the extraction time. Furthermore, we compared the chlorophyll-a concentrations determined in C. pyrenoidosa and M. aeruginosa cultures, and in field samples, using the liquid nitrogen freeze-thaw method (M1) and other four methods: including two spectrophotometric methods (M2, M3), a repeated freeze-thaw method (M4) and the acetone/grinding method (M5). The optimal conditions for pretreatment with liquid nitrogen were found to be as follows: quick freeze for 30 s, use four freeze-thaw cycles, and extract with 90% acetone for 4 h. Under these conditions, the relative standard deviations of chlorophyll-a concentration in the C. pyrenoidosa and M.aeruginosa cultures were 0.57% and 2.25%, and the coefficients of variation were 0.46% and 1.84%. The liquid nitrogen freeze-thaw pretreatment increased chlorophyll-a extraction efficiency (> 93%), and decreased the relative deviation and analysis time. Compared to M2, M3, M4 and M5, respectively, pretreatment of algae cultures increased extraction efficiency 5.2%, 3.1%, 3.0% and 8.4%, and those of field samples by 8.0%, 1.7%, 7.4% and 11.3%. The liquid nitrogen freeze-thaw pretreatment significantly increased the extraction efficiency of chlorophyll-a, shortened analysis time and can be used in the determination of chlorophyll-a concentration in different water bodies.
朱德平,邹楚钧,杨俊悦,林秋奇,彭 亮.2021.液氮冻融前处理优化测定浮游植物叶绿素a的初步研究[J].水生态学杂志,42(1):101-107.
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