大渡河安谷水电站施工期春、秋季浮游动物群落特征分析
Spring and Autumn Zooplankton Community Characteristics during Construction of Angu Hydropower Station on Dadu River
投稿时间:2018-10-22  修订日期:2019-12-26
中文关键词:安谷水电站  施工期  浮游动物  环境因子  冗余分析
英文关键词:Angu hydropower station  construction period  zooplankton  environmental factors  redundancy analysis
基金项目:水利部公益性行业科研专项项目(200901009);中国水利水电建设集团公司科研项目AG2012/S-46-D;中国水利水电建设集团公司监测项目AG2014/S-83;国家自然科学基金资助项目(51709188)
作者单位E-mail
方艳红 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室武汉 430079
 
fyh1901@126.com 
王文君 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室武汉 430079
 
 
杨清 中国水电建设集团四川电力开发有限公司成都 610041 251724291@qq.com 
陈锋 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室武汉 430079
 
 
杨钟 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室武汉 430079
 
 
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中文摘要:
      2014年春季、秋季对大渡河安谷水电站施工期浮游动物及水环境因子进行调查采样,利用Spss22和Canoco4.5软件进行数据分析。结果表明:大渡河安谷水电站施工期春、秋两季共检出浮游动物69属116种,密度平均为619.65ind./L、生物量平均是0.0930mg/L。左侧河网浮游动物种类、密度和生物量高于干流。浮游动物种类、密度、生物量和多样性指数在季节分布上差异显著,春季明显高于秋季。浮游动物种类、密度、生物量与环境因子硝氮、TN、磷酸盐、TP呈显著正相关,与流速呈负相关;RDA结果更进一步说明硝氮、磷酸盐、TN、TP是影响本次调查水域浮游动物群落结构的重要环境因子。水电工程建设给我们带来巨大的经济和社会效益的同时,对周围水生环境也产生了一定影响,安谷水电站施工期浮游动物密度和生物量高于环评期,一方面受施工影响,另一方面人类干扰过于频繁。所以我们要在保护中开发,做到人水和谐。
英文摘要:
      Zooplankton is extremely sensitive to environmental change. In this study, we investigated the dynamics of zooplankton community structure during construction of Angu hydropower station on Dadu River and analyzed the response of the zooplankton community to changes in hydrological regime and habitat status over the construction period. The aim of the study was to provide a reference for predicting the effects of constructing run-off hydropower projects on zooplankton and data to support ecological restoration of habitat impacted by the Angu hydropower project. In May (spring) and October (autumn) of 2014, zooplankton was investigated at eight sampling sites during the construction period of Angu hydropower station, focusing on species composition, density, biomass and community diversity indices. Water environment factors were determined simultaneously. A total of 116 zooplankton species from 69 genera were detected in spring and autumn. The average density and biomass of the zooplankton community were 619.65 ind/L and 0.0930 mg/L. The number of species, density and biomass of the zooplanktons in left bank tributaries were higher than in the main stem. There were significant seasonal differences in species composition, density, biomass and diversity indices of the zooplankton community, all higher in spring than in autumn. There were significant positive correlations of species number, density and biomass with nitrate nitrogen, TN, phosphate and TP, and significant negative correlations with flow. Redundancy analysis (RDA) indicated that nitrate nitrogen, phosphate, TN and TP were the important environmental factors affecting zooplankton community structure. Hydropower construction projects bring tremendous economic and social benefits, but negatively impacts the surrounding aquatic environment. Our results show that zooplankton density and biomass decreased as a result of constructing the hydropower station and other human interference. Therefore, environmental protection measures should be carried out to reduce the impacts of hydropower station construction and operation on aquatic organisms and promote harmony between humans and the water environment.
方艳红,王文君,杨清,陈锋,杨钟.2020.大渡河安谷水电站施工期春、秋季浮游动物群落特征分析[J].水生态学杂志,41(1):9-15.
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