吉林省保护区鱼类资源调查及分布格局
Analysis of current situation and spatial layout of National Aquatic Germplasm Reserves in Jilin Province
投稿时间:2018-07-17  修订日期:2020-11-29
中文关键词:鱼类资源  分布格局  栖息地保护  吉林省
英文关键词:fishery resource  distribution pattern  habitat protection  Jilin Province
基金项目:农业部财政专项物种资源保护项目(2010-2018)
作者单位E-mail
崔康成 中国水产科学研究院 黑龙江水产研究所黑龙江 哈尔滨 150070上海海洋大学 水产科学国家级实验教学示范中心上海 201306上海海洋大学 农业部鱼类营养与环境生态研究中心上海 201306 981865695@qq.com 
刘 伟 中国水产科学研究院 黑龙江水产研究所黑龙江 哈尔滨 150070  
李培伦 中国水产科学研究院 黑龙江水产研究所黑龙江 哈尔滨 150070  
高文燕 中国水产科学研究院 黑龙江水产研究所黑龙江 哈尔滨 150070上海海洋大学 水产科学国家级实验教学示范中心上海 201306上海海洋大学 农业部鱼类营养与环境生态研究中心上海 201306  
王继隆 中国水产科学研究院 黑龙江水产研究所黑龙江 哈尔滨 150070  
唐富江 中国水产科学研究院 黑龙江水产研究所黑龙江 哈尔滨 150070  
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中文摘要:
      鉴于吉林省生态环境多样、水域和水生生物资源丰富的特点,探究了吉林省水产种质资源保护区鱼类资源的现状及分布格局,为保护区的健康发展和科学管理提供参考依据。采取分级统计、分类汇总的方法对保护区数量、面积、保护对象、水域类型及空间分布等信息进行汇总分析,将分析结果与吉林省主要水系相结合,采用叠图法绘制水产种质资源保护区的空间分布图,最终对吉林省水产种质资源保护区(第1-10批)的保护物种特征及发展现状进行分析评价。结果显示,至2016年底,吉林省共建有水产种质资源保护区27处,总面积达4622 km2,其中河流型水产种质资源保护区数量21处,水库型4处,湖泊型2处;保护区分布中,松花江流域有17处,鸭绿江流域6处,图们江流域3处,辽河流域1处;保护对象中包含鱼类13科、61种,甲壳类1科、1种。研究表明,吉林省现有的水产种质资源保护区已初步形成了水域类型较齐全、空间分布较均匀的鱼类栖息地保护格局,在保护珍稀水生生物方面能发挥较大作用;探讨了保护区在特有物种保护、结构布局和功能区划协调性等方面的科学性和有效性,并提出相应的对策。
英文摘要:
      Jilin Province supports plentiful wild aquatic species and high biodiversity in its diverse aquatic ecosystems. By the end of 2016, a total of 27 aquatic germplasm resource conservation areas had been established in Jilin Province, with an area of 4,622km2. In this study, we analyzed the spatial distribution and status of fishery resources of the national aquatic germplasm reserves in Jilin Province, aiming to provide a reference for the sustainable development and management of the conservation areas. First, information was summarized on the number, area, animals protected, water types and spatial distribution of the protected areas using hierarchical statistics and classification methods. Then, the overlay method was used to draw a spatial distribution map of the protected areas by combining the above analysis results with the main water systems in Jilin Province. Finally, we analyzed the protected species characteristics and evaluated the development status of the Jilin Province Aquatic Germplasm Conservation Area (batch 1-10). Results show that the 27 national aquatic germplasm reserves include 21 river reserves, 4 reservoir reserves and 2 lake reserves. In terms of the spatial distribution, there are 17 conservation areas in the Songhua River basin, 6 in the Yalu River basin, 3 in the Tumen River basin and 1 in the Liaohe River basin. A total of 62 protected aquatic species are listed in the 27 national aquatic germplasm reserves: 61 fish species from 13 families and 1 crustacean. Our research shows that the existing aquatic germplasm resource conservation areas in Jilin Province form a pattern of fish habitat protection, with nearly complete coverage of water types, that plays an important role in protecting rare aquatic biological resources. The paper concludes with a discussion of the effectiveness of protected areas for conserving endemic species, the structure and coordination of functional zoning, and recommendations for improving the operation of protected areas.
崔康成,刘 伟,李培伦,高文燕,王继隆,唐富江.2020.吉林省保护区鱼类资源调查及分布格局[J].水生态学杂志,41(6):98-105.
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