高邮湖各生态功能区后生浮游动物群落特征及水质评价
Community Structure of Metazoan Zooplankton and Water Quality Evaluation in Different Ecological Zones of Gaoyou Lake
投稿时间:2018-01-26  修订日期:2019-11-05
中文关键词:高邮湖  生态功能区  后生浮游动物  水质评价  营养状况
英文关键词:Gaoyou Lake  ecological function areas  metazoan zooplankton  water quality evaluation  nutritional status
基金项目:江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK20141013);江苏省科技计划项目(BM2016031);江苏省水利科技项目(2014038,2015034,2016028);江苏省科技厅创新能力建设计划项目(BM2018028)
作者单位E-mail
郭刘超 江苏省水利科学研究院江苏 南京 210017 guoliuchao@126.com 
吴苏舒 江苏省水利科学研究院江苏 南京 210017 78265540@qq.com 
樊旭 江苏省江都水利工程管理处江苏 扬州 225200 450152536@qq.com 
胡晓东 江苏省水利科学研究院江苏 南京 210017 huxiaodong1979@sohu.com 
吴沛沛 江苏省水利科学研究院江苏 南京 210017 wupeipei0124@163.com 
肖鹏 江苏省水利科学研究院江苏 南京 210017 1013569356@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      后生浮游动物在水生态系统的物质循环和能量流动中起重要作用,不同种类的后生浮游动物群落特征变化可反映湖泊的营养状况。高邮湖近年随着周边地区工业和农业生产、渔业养殖的不断发展,水环境发生了较大变化,有必要了解其后生浮游动物群落结构特征和水质现状。2016年,对高邮湖后生浮游动物进行逐月定量调查,测定各项水质理化参数,并基于全湖和各生态功能分区,采用水质综合营养状态指数、后生浮游动物优势种群组成、B/T指数对高邮湖营养状况进行多指标分析与评价。结果表明,高邮湖后生浮游动物有17科、27属、47种;其中轮虫7科、14属、28种,占总种类的59.6%;枝角类5科、7属、10种,占总种类的21.3%;桡足类5科、6属、9种,占总种类的19.1%,小型后生浮游动物(轮虫)的生物密度和种类所占比例较高,而大型后生浮游动物(甲壳动物)占比较低。后生浮游动物年均密度为1434.7 个/L,生物量年平均为3.2070 mg/L。高邮湖水质总氮、总磷均为超标项目,全湖和各生态功能区的水质指标与后生浮游动物评价结果相吻合,表明高邮湖已经为富营养型湖泊,处于轻度富营养化阶段。
英文摘要:
      Metazoan zooplankton play an important role in nutrient cycling and energy flow in aquatic ecosystems and changes in the structure of that community reflect the status of lake nutrient dynamics. Gaoyou Lake, the sixth largest freshwater lake in China, is connected to the Hongze Lake system in the north and the Yangtze River system in the south. The lake occupies parts of three counties and one city in Jiangsu and Anhui Provinces, providing water resources and ecological services. In recent years, with industrial development, agricultural production and fish culture in the area around Gaoyou Lake, water pollution has increased and water quality has changed dramatically. In this study, a monthly investigation of the metazoan zooplankton community was carried out in Gaoyou Lake from January to December of 2016. At the same time, physical and chemical parameters of water quality were measured. The results were then use to evaluate the nutritional status of each ecological zone based on the comprehensive nutritional status index, dominant metazooplankton populations and the B/T index(the ratio of metazooplankton numbers between eutrophic and oligotrophic indicators). A total of 47 metazoan zooplankton species were identified in Gaoyou Lake, belonging to 27 genera and 17 families. Among them, 28 rotifer species (14 genera, 7 families) accounted for 59.6% of the total species, followed by cladocera (10 species, 7 genera, 5 families) and copepods (9 species, 6 genera, 5 families), accounting for 21.3% and 19.1% of the total species. The average annual density and biomass of the metazoan zooplankton community were, respectively, 1 434.7 ind/L and 3.2070 mg/L. Zooplankton of small size (rotifers) were of higher number and species richness than those of larger size (crustaceans). The TN and TP of Gaoyou Lake exceeded national water quality standards, and the comprehensive nutritional status index of water quality for the lake as a whole and each of the ecological zones were consistent with the results based on metazoan zooplankton. Both indicated that Gaoyou Lake is slightly eutrophic.
郭刘超,吴苏舒,樊旭,胡晓东,吴沛沛,肖鹏.2019.高邮湖各生态功能区后生浮游动物群落特征及水质评价[J].水生态学杂志,40(6):30-36.
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