不同生物絮团对脊尾白虾高密度养殖水体氨氮的影响
Effects of different biological floc on ammonia nitrogen content in high-density aquaculture water of Exopalaemon carinicauda
投稿时间:2017-10-14  修订日期:2019-09-17
中文关键词:生物絮团  脊尾白虾  工厂化养殖  氨氮含量
英文关键词:biological floc  Exopalaemon carinicauda  industrial aquaculture  ammonia nitrogen content
基金项目:江苏省高等学校自然科学研究重大项目(17KJA240001);江苏省“六大人才高峰”创新人才团队项目(2016-HYGC-CXTD-004);连云港市产学研合作项目(CXY1517)
作者单位E-mail
马杭柯 江苏省海洋生物技术重点实验室/海洋生命与水产学院淮海工学院 连云港 222005 704243368@qq.com 
李志辉 江苏省海洋生物技术重点实验室/海洋生命与水产学院淮海工学院江苏 连云港 222005 2366297703@qq.com 
赖晓芳 江苏省海洋生物技术重点实验室/海洋生命与水产学院淮海工学院江苏 连云港 222005 江苏省海洋生物产业技术协同创新中心江苏 连云港 222001 江苏省海洋资源开发研究院江苏 连云港222005 江苏省农业种质资源保护与利用平台江苏 南京 210014 lai.xiaofang@163.com 
陈建华 江苏省海洋生物技术重点实验室/海洋生命与水产学院淮海工学院江苏 连云港 222005 江苏省海洋生物产业技术协同创新中心江苏 连云港 222001 江苏省海洋资源开发研究院江苏 连云港222005 江苏省农业种质资源保护与利用平台江苏 南京 210014 chenjianhua@163.com 
张庆起 连云港赣榆佳信水产开发有限公司江苏 连云港 222100 15895790128@139.com 
阎斌伦 江苏省海洋生物技术重点实验室/海洋生命与水产学院淮海工学院江苏 连云港 222005 江苏省海洋生物产业技术协同创新中心江苏 连云港 222001 江苏省海洋资源开发研究院江苏 连云港222005 江苏省农业种质资源保护与利用平台江苏 南京 210014 yanbl@hhit.edu.cn 
高焕 江苏省海洋生物技术重点实验室/海洋生命与水产学院淮海工学院江苏 连云港 222005 江苏省海洋生物产业技术协同创新中心江苏 连云港 222001 江苏省海洋资源开发研究院江苏 连云港222005 江苏省农业种质资源保护与利用平台江苏 南京 210014 huanmr@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      为筛选适宜脊尾白虾(Exopalaemon carinicauda)工厂化养殖使用的生物絮团种类,以脊尾白虾为实验材料,探讨了3种不同产地(河南、福建、河北)来源的EM菌产生的生物絮团对脊尾白虾高密度养殖水体氨氮(ammonia nitrogen, AN)浓度的影响。每种生物絮团下共设置600尾/m3、800尾/m3、1000尾/m3 共3个养殖密度,实验周期为8 d。结果显示,应用河南产地的EM菌,在600尾/m3、800尾/m3、1000尾/m3养殖密度下,水体最终氨氮浓度为1.28 mg/L、1.52 mg/L、1.90 mg/L,日均节水率为50.1%;应用福建产地的EM菌,水体最终氨氮浓度为1.03 mg/L、1.48 mg/L、2.15 mg/L,日均节水率为52.2%;应用河北产地的EM菌,水体最终氨氮浓度为1.58 mg/L、1.78 mg/L、2.74 mg/L,日均节水率为24.4%。对照组水体最终氨氮浓度分别为1.62 mg/L、2.12 mg/L、3.05 mg/L,以上3种生物絮团在脊尾白虾高密度海水养殖中均有降低水体氨氮的作用,且效果存在显著差异,揭示水产养殖过程中应对适宜的EM菌试剂进行筛选后使用。实验筛选获得了适合脊尾白虾高密度养殖的生物絮团,为进一步开展其工厂化养殖提供了参考。
英文摘要:
      Exopalaemon carinicauda is an aquaculture species endemic to China and characterized by a high reproduction rate, fast growth and an extended growing season. Production has increased in recent years and industrialized aquaculture of E. carinicauda has attracted increasing attention. In this study, we explored the effects of bio-flocs produced by three different EM (effective microorganisms) bacteria on ammonia nitrogen concentrations in the high-density culture water of E. carinicauda, aiming to obtain the most suitable biological floc for industrialized aquaculture of E. carinicauda and provide support for conserving water and improving water quality from high density aquaculture operations. The experiment was carried out in an indoor factory farming system with healthy adult shrimp 〔body length, (3.4±0.4)cm, body weight (1.9±0.1 g)〕. EM bacteria from three provinces (Henan, Fujian and Hebei) were selected to form bio-flocs. Each bio-floc treatment and the control were set at three culture densities: 600 tail/m3, 800 tail/m3 and 1000 tail/m3, with each trial run in triplicate. An EM bacteria density of >105 CFU/mL was achieved in each trial. The test duration was 8 days and water temperature, salinity, pH, and ammonia nitrogen concentration were determined each morning at 8:00, prior to feeding. The final concentrations of ammonia nitrogen at the three shrimp densities were 1.28 mg/L, 1.52 mg/L and 1.90 mg/L with EM bacteria from Henan; 1.03 mg/L, 1.48 mg/L and 2.15 mg/L with EM bacteria from Fujian, and 1.58 mg/L, 1.78 mg/L, 2.74 mg/L with EM bacteria from Hebei. The corresponding daily water saving rates with EM bacteria from Henan, Fujian and Hebei were, respectively, 50.1%, 52.2% and 24.4%. Treatment with EM bacteria from all three provinces significantly reduced the ammonia nitrogen concentration, but the reduction varied by source province. A biological floc suitable for high-density culture of E. carinicauda was obtained and our results provide a reference for further development of industrial shrimp culture.
马杭柯,李志辉,赖晓芳,陈建华,张庆起,阎斌伦,高焕.2019.不同生物絮团对脊尾白虾高密度养殖水体氨氮的影响[J].水生态学杂志,40(5):68-72.
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