额尔齐斯河东方欧鳊食性研究
Study on Feeding Habits of Abramis brama in the Irtysh River
投稿时间:2017-03-28  修订日期:2019-01-15
中文关键词:东方欧鳊  食物组成  摄食策略  额尔齐斯河
英文关键词:Abramis brama  food composition  feeding strategy  Irtysh River
基金项目:科技部基础性研究专项《新疆跨界河流水生生态与鱼类资源调查》(2012FY112700)
作者单位E-mail
张志明 水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室 水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所湖北 武汉 430079 华中农业大学水产学院湖北 武汉430070 zhangzm@mail.ihe.ac.cn 
丁慧萍 华中农业大学水产学院湖北 武汉430070 cynthiadhp@126.com 
汪应文 长阳土家族自治县水产技术推广站湖北 长阳 443500  
郭焱 新疆水产科学研究所新疆 乌鲁木齐 830000 Guoyanxj@163.com 
谢从新 华中农业大学水产学院湖北 武汉430070 xiecongxin@hzau.edu.cn 
丁少波 北京中环格亿技术咨询有限公司北京 100012  
摘要点击次数: 201
全文下载次数: 212
中文摘要:
      食性研究是鱼类生态学研究的重要组成部分。通过食性分析,既能了解不同鱼类间的捕食和竞争关系,进而评估某种鱼类的生态地位及功能,又可以为水域中饵料资源的合理利用和渔产量估算提供理论依据。本文通过分析额尔齐斯河东方欧鳊(Abramis brama)的食物组成、摄食强度和摄食策略,探究其在摄食形态学上的适应性,进一步补充和完善东方欧鳊生物学基础资料,为其人工增养殖提供技术支持。2014年5月至2015年6月,采用三层流刺网、定置刺网以及围网在额尔齐斯河中国段下游分季节连续采集东方欧鳊样本152尾。通过对鱼类样本进行测定、分析和处理,分别对东方欧鳊的摄食强度,以及食物组成和摄食策略进行了研究。结果表明,152尾东方欧鳊样品的空肠率为30.92%。根据数量百分比分析,藻类在东方欧鳊食物组成中占绝对优势(99.82%),其中硅藻门的比例最高(73.09%);通过重量百分比、相对重要性指数百分比以及优势度指数指标分析,在每年的5-6月,额尔齐斯河东方欧鳊主要摄食水生昆虫幼体,以摇蚊幼虫为主,藻类在食物组成中的比重极小;Amundsen图示法表明,此时东方欧鳊为偏动物食性的广食性鱼类,且不同个体间食物组成存在一定差异。东方欧鳊的摄食消化器官形态与其食性相适应。
英文摘要:
      Feeding habit is an important component of fish ecology. Analysis of food composition for different fish species provides information on predation and competition and is useful for evaluating the ecological status and function of a species within the fish community. The analysis also provides a theoretical basis for rational utilization of bait resources and estimating fishing yields. In this study, we analyzed the food composition, feeding intensity and strategies of Abramis brama (bream) in the Irtysh River. A. brama is the primary economic fish species in the local area and study results supplement the biological data and provide theoretical and technical support for artificial propagation and breeding of the species. During the study, 152 A. brama were collected from the lower Irtysh River from May 2014 to June 2015. The body length and weight of all specimens were measured, the degree of intestine filling was ranked from 0 - 5. Among the 152 fish examined, filling degree rank was 0 in 47 fish (30.92%) and above 3 in 31 fish (20.39%). Food composition was analyzed in fish with a filling degree rank above 3 and the dominant food of A. brama, calculated as percent by number (PN) of organisms consumed, was algae (99.82%) with Bacillariophyta being most of ten consumed (73.09%). Based on the weight percentage (PW), percentage of relative importance index (PIRI) and dominance index (IP), aquatic insect larvae (especially Chironomidae) was the most important prey. The Amundsen figure analysis indicates that A. brama is euryphagous, with a bias towards to aquatic insect larvae. Food composition displayed little difference among individuals and A. brama feeding and digestive organs were found to be well adapted to observed feeding habits.
张志明,丁慧萍,汪应文,郭焱,谢从新,丁少波.2019.额尔齐斯河东方欧鳊食性研究[J].水生态学杂志,40(1):79-85.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
Copyright © 2008 《水生态学杂志》编辑部 地址:湖北省武汉市雄楚大街578号 
邮编:430079 电话:027-82926630 E-mail: sstx@mail.ihe.ac.cn  京ICP备09084417号