五种鱼类感应流速比较分析
The Contrast Analysis about Induction Velocity of Five Species of Fishes
投稿时间:2017-03-06  修订日期:2018-01-24
中文关键词:感应流速  相对感应流速  差异性
英文关键词:induction velocity, relative induction velocity ,difference
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
王晓臣 陕西格林维泽环保技术服务有限公司 wangxiaochen1985@126.com 
邢娟娟 陕西格林维泽环保技术服务有限公司 xjj8667@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      采用自行设计的鱼类游泳能力测试槽,用“流速递增法”测定了鲤(Cyprinus carpio)(体长24.46±5.9cm)、鲫(Carassius auratus)(体长13.66±4.7cm)、鲢(Hypophthalmichthys molitrix)(体长32.73±3.7cm)、鳙(Aristichthys nobilis)(体长30.47±1.7cm)以及蒙古鲌(Culter mongolicus mongolicus)(体长23.51±3.1cm)等五种鱼类的感应流速。结果表明鲤、鲫、鲢、鳙以及蒙古鲌的感应流速分别是(3.55±2.43)、(2.408±2.00)、(4.605±2.575)、(2.033±1.019)和(0.135-3.930)cm?s-1,相对感应流速分别是(0.147±0.097)、(0.182±0.166)、(0.142±0.078)、(0.067±0.034)和(0.08±0.054)BL?s-1; 鱼类的体长与感应流速不存在相关关系;相对感应流速更加准确的表示鱼类的感应流速;不同鱼类之间的感应流速差异极显著(P<0.01),鱼类的感应流速是进化的结果。
英文摘要:
      By using self-made test chamber and the method of increasing velocity,this paper studied the induction velocity of Cyprinus carpio (body length 24.46±5.9cm),Carassius auratus (body length 13.66±4.7cm),Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (body length 32.73±3.7cm),Aristichthys nobilis (body length 30.47±1.7cm) and Culter mongolicus mongolicus (body length 23.51±3.1cm). The induction velocity of Cyprinus carpio, Carassius auratus, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, Aristichthys nobilis and Culter mongolicus mongolicus was (0.0355±0.0244),(0.0241±0.0200), (0.0461±0.0257), (0.0204±0.0102)and (0.0185±0.0120)m?s-1,and the relative induction velocity was (0.147±0.097),(0.182±0.166)、(0.142±0.078),(0.067±0.034)and(0.08±0.054)BL?s-1,respectively. No significant difference was observed between fish body length and induction velocity. The relative induction velocity is more precise to indicate induction velocity. But it was significant difference in induction velocity of different fish species (P<0.01). It was suggested that the induction velocity is the result of evolution .
王晓臣,邢娟娟.2018.五种鱼类感应流速比较分析[J].水生态学杂志,39(2):77-81.
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