昆明裂腹鱼繁殖生物学研究
Study on Reproductive Biology of Schizothoraxgraham
投稿时间:2016-09-01  修订日期:2017-09-14
中文关键词:昆明裂腹鱼  繁殖生物学  繁殖力
英文关键词:Schizothorax graham  reproductive biology  fecundity
基金项目:毕科合[2013]36号;黔农育专字[2013]006号;黔科合NY[2013]3065号
作者单位E-mail
詹会祥 西南大学动物科技学院重庆北碚 400716毕节市水产技术推广站贵州毕节 551700 542282023qq.com 
郑永华 西南大学动物科技学院重庆北碚 400716 zhyh3000@163.com 
晏宏 贵州省水产技术推广站贵州贵阳 550001  
周礼敬 毕节市水产技术推广站贵州毕节 551700  
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中文摘要:
      研究昆明裂腹鱼繁殖生物学周年变化,为开展昆明裂腹鱼人工繁殖、养殖以及对自然水域鱼类资源的增殖和保护提供理论基础。2014年7月—2015年5月,每月定期采集雌、雄昆明裂腹鱼10尾。样品鱼为2008年子一代,均为6龄。雌鱼体长26~48cm,体重380~1600g;雄鱼体长29~46cm,体重425~1250g。结果显示:昆明裂腹鱼成熟系数雌鱼为(7.07±0.04)%,雄鱼为(3.72±0.01)%;属一次性产卵类型,繁殖期为2-4月,盛期为3-4月;Ⅳ期卵巢卵径1.6~.8mm。绝对繁殖力为(9263±5241)粒,与体长呈曲线相关(F=2E-11L7.427,R2=0.912),与体重呈线性相关(F=0.017W-10.19,R2=0.958);相对繁殖力为(9.5±3.9)粒/g,与体长、体重均呈曲线正相关(Fw=0.05e0.156L、R2=0.846,Fw=14.37lnW-90.57、R2=0.871)。
英文摘要:
      Schizothorax grahami is primarily distributed in the upper Wujiang River and the stem and tributaries of lower Jinsha River, and is a key protected fish species in Guizhou Province. Recently, artificial breeding and culturing of Schizothorax grahami has developed rapidly because it tastes good and is highly nutritious. In this study, the annual variation in reproductive characteristics of Schizothorax grahami was investigated, based on data collected from July 2014 to May 2015. The objective was to provide a theoretical basis for artificial breeding and culturing of Schizothorax grahami and to conserve and enhance wild populations. From July 2014 to May 2015, ten female and male Schizothorax grahami specimens were collected each month at a fixed time and a total of 220 specimens were collected for study. All specimens were first filial generation, bred in 2008, with female body length of 26-48cm and body weight of 380-1600g and male body length of 29-46cm and body weight of 425-1250g. The gonad weight of each specimen and diameter of eggs from mature females were determined. Results indicate that male Schizothorax graham reach maturity at age three, with a gonadosomatic index of (3.72±0.01) %, and females reach maturity at age four, with a gonadosomatic index of (7.07±0.04) %. The spawning season of Schizothorax graham is from February to April, peaking in March and April. Eggs are demersal and adhesive, spherical in shape and golden yellow and gray white in color. The egg diameter of Schizothorax graham with ovaries at stage IV ranged from 1.6mm to 1.8mm. The absolute fecundity of female Schizothorax graham (F) was (9263±5241) granules and exhibited a curvilinear correlation with body length (F=2E-11L7.427,R2=0.912) and a linear correlation with body weight (F=0.017W-10.19,R2=0.958). The relative fecundity of female Schizothorax graham (Fw) was (9.5±3.9) eggs/g, presenting curvilinear correlation with body length and weight, expressed as Fw = 0.05e0.156L (R2=0.846) and Fw = 14.37lnW-90.57(R2=0.871).
詹会祥,郑永华,晏宏,周礼敬.2017.昆明裂腹鱼繁殖生物学研究[J].水生态学杂志,38(5):92-96.
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