水生植物分解过程中生态化学计量学特征
Ecological Stoichiometry Characteristics of Aquatic Macrophytes in the Decomposition Process
投稿时间:2016-08-22  修订日期:2017-09-13
中文关键词:      干物质  化学计量学  水生植物
英文关键词:carbon  nitrogen  phosphorus  dry matter  stoichiometry  aquatic macrophyte
基金项目:南京市科技计划项目(201608016);国家自然科学基金(31270409).
作者单位E-mail
张雷燕 中冶华天工程技术有限公司江苏 南京 210019 lyzhang27@126.com 
关保华 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊科学与环境国家重点实验室江苏 南京 210008 bhguan@163.com 
程寒飞 中冶华天工程技术有限公司江苏 南京 210019 41387156@qq.com 
詹茂华 中冶华天工程技术有限公司江苏 南京 210019 393904465@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      为揭示水生植物分解过程中的生态化学计量学特征,选取沉水植物苦草(Vallisneria natans)和马来眼子菜(Potamogeton malaianus)以及漂浮植物浮萍(Lemna minor),分别置于温室(处理组A、B)和池塘中(处理组B),实验周期为5周,每隔1周随机从各重复组中取1份样品,测定干物质重和总氮(TN)、总碳(TC)、总磷(TP)含量,分析其残存干物质的分解过程。结果表明,在整个分解过程中,3种植物的C/N为7.43~10.06,低于全球水平22.5,C/P为43.09~91.77,明显高于全球水平23.2,说明同一种植物在相同的同化C能力前提下,对N的利用效率较高,对P的利用率较低;N/P为4.71~9.24,小于14,说明植物主要受N的限制。沉水植物苦草和马来眼子菜的C/N在温室和自然条件下规律一致,而漂浮植物浮萍则变化较大,说明沉水植物分解C和N的速率一致且不受环境影响,而漂浮植物浮萍分解C和N受环境影响较大;苦草和浮萍残存干物质C/N在开始有一个快速增长期,说明这2种植物N的释放速率超过C;3种植物残存干物质的C/P和N/P都在第1周快速增长且各处理变化较大,说明3种植物P分解速率都在1周内超过C和N,且受环境影响较大。研究结果将对水生态修复过程中是否移除残存水生植物提供理论依据。
英文摘要:
      Plant matter from three macrophytes from different environments was dried and analyzed over time to investigate macrophyte stoichiometry during decomposition and the effect of environment on macrophyte stoichiometry. A floating plant, Lemna minor, and two submerged plants, Vallisneria natans and Potamogeton malaianus, were prepared and placed in three water environments: Treatment A: beaker with 200 mL tap water + 3 cm of sediment in a greenhouse; Treatment B: beaker with 200 mL tap water in a greenhouse; Treatment C: in situ in a pond. Each treatment was run in triplicate with six plants per trial. Each week for five weeks, one plant was randomly selected from each treatment for determination of dry weight, TN, TC and TP. The C/N range in the three macrophytes was 7.43-10.06, much lower than the global level of 22.5, and the C/P range was 43.09-91.77, significantly higher than the global level of 23.2. The results indicate that, with the same assimilation capacity of C, the utilization efficiency of N is higher than that of P. The N/P range (4.71-9.24) in the three macrophytes was lower than the global level of 14, showing that N was the limiting nutrient for the macrophytes. Furthermore, the submerged plants V. natans, and P. malaianus exhibited similar C/N ratios in the greenhouse and under natural conditions, indicating a consistent release rate of C and N from the submerged macrophytes and implying a small environmental effect. However, the C/N ratio of L. minor varied markedly between treatments, implying a large environmental effect. The C/N ratio in L. minor and V. natans increased rapidly at the beginning, indicating that the release rate of N from both macrophytes was higher than the release rate of C. The C/P and N/P ratio in the three macrophytes increased rapidly in the first week and the ratios varied significantly among the three groups. This indicates that the P release rate from the three macrophytes was higher than the release rates of C and N during the first week and the environmental effect was significant. This research provides a theoretical basis for the removal of residual aquatic plants during ecological restoration.
张雷燕,关保华,程寒飞,詹茂华.2017.水生植物分解过程中生态化学计量学特征[J].水生态学杂志,38(6):34-39.
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