台湾泥鳅雌雄形态差异分析
Morphological Differentiation and Sexual Identification of Male and Female Paramisgumus dabryanus ssp.
投稿时间:2016-07-25  修订日期:2017-09-18
中文关键词:台湾泥鳅  形态指标  计量性状  形态差异
英文关键词:Paramisgumus dabryanus ssp.  morphological index  quantitative character  morphological variation
基金项目:上海市市级农口系统青年人才成长计划[沪农青字(2015)第3-15号]
作者单位E-mail
邱楚雯 上海市水产研究所上海市水产技术推广站上海 200433 nanqiuchuwen.05@163.com 
王韩信 上海市水产研究所上海市水产技术推广站上海 200433 1287054792@qq.com 
陈迪虎 上海市水产研究所上海市水产技术推广站上海 200433 1287054792@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      台湾泥鳅(Paramisgumus dabryanus ssp.)是我国台湾地区改良的泥鳅养殖新品种,其分类地位暂不明确。从外观上看,台湾泥鳅的雌雄个体形态上存在差异,为了科学识别台湾泥鳅雌雄个体形态特征的差异,通过对采集到的160尾台湾泥鳅的全长、体长、头长、吻长、体高、体厚等25项形态学性状的测定,形成体厚/体长、体高/体长、颌须/头长等24项形态特征的比例性状,采用t 检验、主成分分析与判别分析方法对台湾泥鳅雌雄群体的形态特征进行比较。结果显示:(1) t 检验表明,24项形态特征的比例性状中,4项差异达到极显著水平(P<0.01),4项差异达到显著水平(P<0.05),其他性状差异不显著;(2)主成分分析表明,5个主成分的累计贡献率达到84.23%,台湾泥鳅雌雄的差异主要集中在头部、躯干部、颌须、体型肥瘦程度以及整体框架轮廓等方面; (3)经逐步判别分析,建立台湾泥鳅雌雄个体的判别函数。雌(♀):func1= 731.96x1 +27.02x2 +723.92x3 -191.44;雄性(♂):func2=671.79x1+37.09x2+695.54x3-178.50,综合判别准确率为71.5%。研究表明,台湾泥鳅雌雄形态指标间差异显著,利用形态指标建立判别函数实现对台湾泥鳅雌雄个体的快速判别具有一定的可行性。
英文摘要:
      Paramisgumus dabryanus ssp. is a new breeding variety recently introduced from Taiwan. Because of breeding trait improvements, artificial breeding of P. dabryanus ssp. is developing rapidly. To scientifically identify the gender of P. dabryanus ssp., morphological variations between male and female were analyzed based on the comparison of 24 standardized morphological characteristics. The results will support artificial breeding of the species. A total of 160 P. dabryanus ssp. individuals (body length: 11.68 -19.10 mm; body mass: 18.06-77.98 g) were purchased for the investigation, with 80 specimens of each gender. Twenty-five morphological parameters were measured for each loach with an electronic balance and digital vernier calipers, including body weight, total length, body length, head length, snout length, body depth, body width, body thickness. Using this data, 24 standardized morphological indices such as body thickness/body length, body depth/body length, jaw beard length/head length were used to identify gender. Comparisons of morphological characteristics related to sexual dimorphism in P. dabryanus ssp. were carried out with the t-test, principal component analysis and discriminant analysis methods using Excel 2007 and SPSS 16.0 software. Results show: (1) The t-test indicated that, of the 24 standardized morphological characteristics, four traits displayed highly significant differences (P<0.01) between genders and another four traits were significantly different (P<0.05); (2) Principal component analysis demonstrated that the cumulative variance of the five principal components was 84.23% and the differences between male and female P. dabryanus ssp. are primarily indicated in the head, trunk, jaw beard, level of obesity and overall framework structure; (3) The three components with the highest contributions to discriminant analysis served as independent variables and fish discriminant functions distinguished between male and female P. dabryanus ssp. with an accuracy rate of 71%. For females (♀): func1= 731.96x1 +27.02x2 +723.92x3 -191.44 and for males (♂): func2=671.79x1+37.09x2+695.54x3-178.50. In conclusion, the differences in the morphological characteristics were significant between male and female P. dabryanus ssp., and it is possible to identify them quickly using the discriminant function.
邱楚雯,王韩信,陈迪虎.2017.台湾泥鳅雌雄形态差异分析[J].水生态学杂志,38(5):87-91.
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