鱼类增殖放流站亲鱼池数值模拟研究
Numerical Simulation Study of a Broodstock Rearing Pond Design for a Fish Breeding and Release Station
投稿时间:2015-08-17  修订日期:2019-01-16
中文关键词:鱼类增殖放流站  亲鱼池  数值模拟  计算流体力学
英文关键词:fish breeding and release  broodstock culture tank  numerical simulation  computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划课题《重大水利水电工程生态恢复与环境保障技术及示范》(2012BAC06B00)
作者单位E-mail
文典 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司四川 成都 610072 16550156@qq.com 
张陆良 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司四川 成都 610072 421939383@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      增殖放流是目前普遍采用的减缓水利水电工程对鱼类影响的保护措施之一。亲鱼培育是增殖放流的关键环节,亲鱼培育池是增殖放流站中的关键设施。鱼池不同流速的流场区域的形成与亲鱼池的结构形式、工艺尺寸、进出水流量等多种因素有关,但相关研究较少,特别是针对国内山区急流河段水电工程鱼类增殖放流站亲鱼池的数值模拟研究还处于空白。本研究采用计算流体力学(CFD)方法对亲鱼培育池流场进行了模拟,从亲鱼适宜流速区间最大化的角度,通过标准 模型对最常用的圆形和矩形两种不同结构型式的鱼池进行三维建模,分析比较了不同结构尺寸的圆形池与矩形池的水力学条件,建议优先采用圆形池作为亲鱼培育池的型式,最适宜径深比为6:1~3:1,场地紧张而采用矩形池时,适宜长宽比为4:1~2:1。本研究丰富了国内鱼类增殖放流站亲鱼池结构设计内容,推荐的亲鱼池结构形式可为鱼类增殖放流站设计提供了参考。本研究还讨论了对于特定鱼类,应该根据其生物学特性,适时调整鱼池的流速,满足相关需求。除流场外,温度、溶氧、排污分布等其他环境因子对鱼类也有一定影响,鱼池不同的结构形式对其他环境因子的影响将在以后研究。
英文摘要:
      Fish breeding and release is one of the most effective measures for maintaining fish populations in rivers affected by water conservancy and hydropower projects. The rearing pond in a fish breeding and release station is an important artificial habitat for broodstock. The flow fields of the rearing pond directly affects the health and reproduction of the broodstock and are related to pond shape, size, water exchange rate and inlet-outlet configuration. However, few studies have investigated flow fields in these ponds. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) was applied in this study to simulate the flow field of rearing ponds of different shapes and configurations. To address the maximum suitable flow velocity region for broodstock, a three dimensional kappa-epsilon turbulence model was used. The hydrodynamic conditions of circular and rectangular tanks at different flows were compared and used to develop recommendations. A circular tank with tangential inlet was recommended for broodstock culture and the most suitable diameter to depth ratio ranged from 6:1 to 3:1. Rectangular tanks are more appropriate for small sites and the recommended length to width ratio ranged from 4:1 to 2:1. This study focused primarily on fish species that prefer running water (> 0.5 m/s) in mountainous regions. For a particular fish species, the flow velocity would be adjusted to simulate preferred habit conditions. In addition to the flow field, other environmental factors, such as temperature, dissolved oxygen and pollution affect fish. In future research, the influence of these factors on the design of rearing ponds will be explored. This research provides a reference for improving the design of fish rearing ponds for fish breeding and release stations.
文典,张陆良.2019.鱼类增殖放流站亲鱼池数值模拟研究[J].水生态学杂志,40(1):41-47.
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